【大学生竞赛三等奖】In-/Formal Metabolism in search for a new form
设计名称：In-/Formal Metabolism in search for a new form of Metabolism in a site of hyper density slum, Dharavi
The site is situated in Dharavi, Mumbai, which is a high density and chaotic slum area, which is said to be one of the largest slum in the world. And its informal industrial activities continuously draw people out from the city center of Mumbai to the countryside Dharavi to get their job with cheaper rent for living. So this continuous action grow the population density up to a situation that the Slum Re-development Authority tries to re-configure the existing situation. However, it is not welcomed by the local dweller which they think it ruins their dynamic life and commercial activities inside. Although the planning never success, the problem inside the slum is still growing larger and larger with the population growth.
This project starts as establishing another form of Metabolism that is balance between the two opposite direction: both top-down (the formal Metabolism) and bottom-up (the informal Metabolism) approach. The project is the antithesis of the modern urban planning strategy. Rather than using high degree of guideline which aims to prevent over-crowd and chaotic , some informal elements are used.
The biggest problem in Dharavi is water. The water is coming from the main infrastructure piping which is only passing through the slum area. Official and illegal water piping is built to get water. But the water tap only supply for 2 hours per day. And the rainfall is only concentrate in the monsoon season. So they need to store the water and protect them greatly from pollution. In which this is the starting point of the methodology of the project.
From the rainfall data, also from the water consumption data, a simple calculation is done to measure the size of the water tank, which is the main source to store rainwater in the design. From the calculation, the effective zoning is also produced which is the red dot in the masterplan and the model. They are measured with minimum point to serve the most area in the slum. Then they are connected by the new piping connection to act as a continuous water infrastructure to supply water to the people.
Masterform of the whole new development is not predictable as the open space and new housing are autonomously growing together with the decision of the people inside the slum. This design is also a response towards a new vision of urban planing, in which the main driving force of the whole urban form is a basic element, the water piping, which people are gathering or moving around for.
I would think this project as an anti-thesis to traditional masterplanning and understanding of zoning, in which a key factor must be indicated in research to keep the dynamic situation of existing, in which in this site, is the water. By indicating how this element can interact with people, a more dynamic strategy or intervention can be used to maintain the original organization and condition with a more dynamic way to re-new and grow.