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惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

投稿平台:建筑图网 稿件时间:2017-03-08 欢迎原创投稿至: file@jianzhutu.com

项目位于一座小山丘之上,呈条形沿东西向伸展,建筑的南面可以遥看Youhtas山脉。为了解决克里特岛强烈的日照问题,建筑沿着太阳东升西落的轨迹弯曲成弧线型,且...

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network
项目位于一座小山丘之上,呈条形沿东西向伸展,建筑的南面可以遥看Youhtas山脉。为了解决克里特岛强烈的日照问题,建筑沿着太阳东升西落的轨迹弯曲成弧线型,且前后立面采用的不同曲率的曲线。

The location, on a small hill, is privileged. The longitudinal field is open to the south and the view of mountain Youhtas. How can a linear residence deal with the intense cretan light? The house necessarily unfolds along the south side, the side of the sun: through a double curvature the building is bend by the power of the sun’s path from east to west.

▼ 建筑外观,External View

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

▼ 设计概念,Concept Diagram

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

该住宅位于地中海城市伊拉克利翁市区周边的一个新街区内,地势高而平坦的街角基地给住宅提供了南面俯瞰城市的良好视野。住户是一对年轻的夫妇和他们两个年幼的孩子。住宅共四层,地下一层,地上三层。一层包含睡眠区和一个小花园,二层主要是起居空间,三层包括一个卧室以及两处开敞空间,两处开敞空间分别位于被挖空的两个角上。从外面看,建筑三层的清水混凝土悬挑,为一层的花园以及二层的起居空间提供遮蔽,且其明亮的色调与一层基础部分的橄榄绿色形成对比。一层花园被不锈钢绳索篱笆所围合,当这些篱笆上爬满植物时,恰好遮挡了外部街道与看向一层卧室的视线。

The house is located in a quiet new neighborhood of the Mediterranean city of Heraklion, not far form the city’s center. The flat, elevated corner plot offers views of the city and has a southern orientation. This family house was designed for the needs of a young couple and its two small children. It develops in four levels, hosting the living quarters at the overground floor level and the sleeping quarters at the groundfloor level. The latter, is open to the garden that is shaded by the main elevated volume which hosts another private bedroom and two open-air spaces excised from its two corners. The fair-faced concrete volume functions as a shelter both for the garden and the subjacent main living space. Its bright color is contrapuntal of the olive-green base that accommodates the other bedrooms -which will eventually be hidden by the climbing plants of the tensed inox-rope fence.

▼ 四层高的建筑,The four floor family house

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network   惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

区位条件促成了建筑形体的生成,建筑雕塑般的形态取决于这里的日照条件,整体因太阳而弯曲。混凝土的实体挖空一部分,创造出一个观赏西面城市景观的户外空间。除此以外,悬挑的凝土体块立面不开设窗口,其下部沿着二层向上的楼梯产生向上的弧线,使得阳光可以进入二层起居空间。建筑顶层东侧挖空的部分是一个小的游泳池,提供了户外戏水的好出去。与上层悬挑的混凝土体块不同的是,下部基础呈现出内敛、刚硬的性格。整个建筑注重虚实结合的处理手法,创造出一系列封闭的、半开敞的以及开敞的空间相互贯穿。住宅曲线的造型尊重城市和自然,与周边大规模建造的公寓楼产生对立之感。

The house is born by its southern, extrovert, cretan field. From the outset, the sculptural gesture arises from this sunny condition: the building is bent by the sun. The elevated concrete facade is without openings, except from an excision at the upper corner which reveals an outdoor space open to western views of the city. The lower curve receives the light at the intermediate main level, incorporating the staircase to the upper floor. The volume acts not only as a receptor of the private upper premises of relaxation, but also as a shelter for the semi-open expansion of the residence and its garden. Its interior ends in a hidden excision of the roof, at the eastern corner. There, a small pool serves as an outdoor bath. The lower level which is developed as a rigid dark base is also introverted. The handling of curves in this work aims at a tense handling of void and light. Thus, a successive interpenetration of closed, semi-open and open-air spaces is created: The house is curved, twisted, excised, following the field’s forces -natural or urban. The essentially playful façade seems to enjoy the contrapuntal complicity of its neighboring mass-produced apartment blocks.

▼ 悬挑的混凝土体块,The elevated concrete facade

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

▼ 镂空的西侧户外空间可观赏西面城市景观, an excision at the upper corner which reveals an outdoor space to western views of the city

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network   惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

▼ 东侧镂空处的戏水泳池,The pool at the eastern corner

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network   惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network   惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

结构设计与建筑形式密切相关:花园中的支撑结构逐渐地从圆形金属柱转化为正方形混凝土柱,最终融入到角落处支撑着上层悬挑结构的巨大墙体之中。而其东部垂直槽使得墙体的热胀冷缩不会影响到结构的稳定性。住宅内部,垂直的百叶遮挡了外侧街道看向建筑的视线,保护了居住者的隐私,同时也在削弱东边炙热阳光的同时,将光线传递到建筑的最内部。素色的厨房位于建筑西侧,无论白天或是黑夜,光线透过穿孔金属板散发出明灭的光影。位于地下的学习区域与连接其与上层空间的楼梯则呈深绿色,仿佛是外部花园环境色彩的延伸。停车空间中,围绕中心柱的圆形霓虹光环似乎呼应着汽车的圆形转动元素。而在顶层,落地玻璃幕墙则随着拱形的墙面弯曲。氧化金属柱子呈深色,而照明点则沿其轴线延伸。没有任何对外开窗的东西立面之下掩盖着一个流动而容纳性极强的内部空间。

The structural design is inseparable from the form itself: the supporting at the garden’s level is progressively altering from a circular metallic column, to a square concrete one, in order to conclude to the corner monolithic wall upon which the façade rests freely. Its eastern vertical slot allows the thermal expansion and contraction. In the interior, the vertical blinds offer privacy and protect from the eastern light, passing their deep red color to its innermost recess. The monochromatic kitchen recedes to the west, while its perforated metallic shutter acts as a magnet of light during both day and night. The underground study area, as well as the staircase leading to it, are of dark green colour -a natural continuation of the exterior garden. In the parking space, a circular neon wreath around the central column is complementary to the car’s manually rotating ring. In the lighter upper floor instead, it is the glass pane frames that are curved following the vaulted roof. The metal column remains oxidized and dark – while the lighting spots run along its axis. The west facade remains blind, as well as the eastern one – concealing a liquid, receptive interior.

▼ 垂直的百叶削弱东边炙热阳光的同时,将光线传递到建筑的最内部,The vertical blinds protect from the eastern light, passing their deep red color to its innermost recess

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network   惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

▼ 二层起居空间,The Second Floor Living Room

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network   惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

▼ 光线透过穿孔金属板散发出明灭的光影,The perforated metallic shutter acts as a magnet of light

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network   惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

▼ 一层居住空间,The First Floor Bedroom

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network   惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

▼ 负一层学习与停车空间,The Underground Study and Parking Area

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network   惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

▼ 夜景,Evening View

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network   惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

▼ 总平面图,Master Plan

惊鸿之弧 – 希腊克里特岛住宅 / tense architecture network

Project team: Tilemachos Andrianopoulos, Kostas Mavros. Collaborating architects: Thanos Bampanelos, Grigoris Stavridakis. Structural Design: Athanasios Kontizas. Building technology: Arvanitis Spiros, Tzouanakis Stathis.

Photography: Petros Perakis


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