新建筑

巴塞尔爵士乐学校 / Buol & Zünd

投稿平台:建筑图网 稿件时间:2017-02-24 欢迎原创投稿至: file@jianzhutu.com

非常感谢 Buol & Zünd 将以下内容授权发行。更多关于他们,请至:Buol&Zünd on . Appreciation tow...


非常感谢 Buol & Zünd 将以下内容授权发行。更多关于他们,请至:Buol&Zünd on . Appreciation towards Buol&Zünd for providing the following description:
爵士乐讲求即兴创作和意想不到的发现,建筑则需要对空间进行有序的规划和设计,如何将二者统一在一起是这个项目所面临的最大的挑战。设计所要解决的另一个问题是如何让这座新建筑和巴塞尔已经成型的城市结构相融合。根据历史规划所示,几百年来基地上建筑的轮廓线并没有发生很大改变,因此建筑师决定遵循原有建筑的轮廓建造新建筑。
The challenge was to bring two very different disciplines together as Jazz music works with improvisation and serendipity while architecture seaks to avoid random and tries to plan and fix things. The second question was how to integrate a new building into the grown city structure of the old town in Basel. Historic plans are showing that the outlines of the buildings on the site didn't change much over the centuries. Believing in the "architecture trouvée", the new building was created on the footprint of the old
▽中庭空间,建筑外观和历史城市一致
courtyard, the building appearance is coherent with the historic city
巴塞尔爵士乐学校 / Buol & Zünd
项目的室内流线围绕中庭设置,不同的通路通过中庭联系在了一起,和一般复杂建筑中直接高效的路径不同,这样的布局可以引发更多意料之外的相遇。人们从几乎完全私密的排练室中出来,穿过走廊去到中庭,整个过程中空间的公共性不断提高,在中庭达到高潮,许多人聚集于此,相互学习和交流。
Its interior circulation is organized around a central courtyard which leads to various paths and manifold random meetings rather than short, effective ways in a complex building. The intention was to create a course inside the building which starts at the rehearsal rooms where you practice almost privately, continues in the hallways where you meet other people and culminates in the courtyard where many people interact.
▽中庭中的火炉,furnace in the courtyard
巴塞尔爵士乐学校 / Buol & Zünd
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由于项目在一开始的时候并没有明确的功能空间,建筑师需要自行寻找出学校和音乐家们对空间的特殊需求。调查表明符合每个人要求的完美的排练室并不存在,有的人喜欢在教堂中演出,有的人更喜欢车库的氛围,还有的人会在自家的客厅进行练习。唯一的共同点就是充足的日照和私密舒适的环境。因此,建筑师没有采用可变的房间设计,而是设置了一系列有着不同尺度和声学品质的空间供音乐家自行选择。
As there wasn't a space programme of the building at the start, the specific needs of the school and the musicians had to be found out. A survey revealed that there is no such thing as the perfect rehearsal room. Some people prefer to play in churches, others like to practice in garages and some play in their living room. The only common ground was the need for daylight and an atmosphere of private cosiness. Instead of flexible rooms, various rooms with different dimensions and acoustic qualities were provided to leave it to the musicians to choose.
▽公共的走廊和私密的排练室,public pathway and private rehearsal rooms
巴塞尔爵士乐学校 / Buol & Zünd
巴塞尔爵士乐学校 / Buol & Zünd 巴塞尔爵士乐学校 / Buol & Zünd
建筑中包含超过50间排练房和三间各具特色的录音表演室。一间采用木材隔声并配以仿佛飞在空中的声学顶棚;一间是和专业录音室相连的内部演出室;还有一间是面向城市开放的爵士乐俱乐部,成为了学校和公众的接口。室内装饰选用了丰富而优质的材料,以满足音乐学校的声学需求。可以说,声学方面的要求对建筑的形态造成了巨大的影响,建筑师要在表皮内设置一米厚的墙壁,几乎是在建筑中又造了一间房屋。
The space palette with over 50 rehearsal rooms is completed by 3 characteristic recording- and performance rooms such as a wooden sound body with a flying acoustic sky, an introverted performance room combined with a professional recording studio and a Jazz club which opens up to the city and serves as an interface to the public. The materialization of the interior spaces is superior and rich due to the acoustic requirements. Acoustic needs shape the building a lot as it was necessary to build almost a second house with meter-thick walls inside the general building.
▽不同的演出室和录音室,various performance and recording rooms
巴塞尔爵士乐学校 / Buol & Zünd
巴塞尔爵士乐学校 / Buol & Zünd 巴塞尔爵士乐学校 / Buol & Zünd
巴塞尔爵士乐学校 / Buol & Zünd 巴塞尔爵士乐学校 / Buol & Zünd
作为城市客厅的中庭大大提升了项目的品质,通过这个空间,室内和室外的界限被模糊,建筑与城市被联系在了一起,同时也促进了学校和群众之间的交流。
The interpretation of the courtyard as an urban interior gives the project a strong quality. Interior and exterior space are mingled which links the house and the city as well as the school and the public.
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