新建筑

贵安新区清控人居科技示范楼,贵州 / 素朴建筑 + 清华同衡

投稿平台:建筑图网 稿件时间:2017-02-26 欢迎原创投稿至: file@jianzhutu.com

来自素朴建筑 对建筑大数据的分享。Appreciation towards SUP Atelier for providing the ...


来自素朴建筑 对建筑大数据的分享。Appreciation towards SUP Atelier for providing the following description:
清控人居科技示范楼是在贵安新区政府支持下,清控人居建设集团与英国BRE机构合作的示范项目,目标为建成符合BREEAM标准的近零能耗示范实验建筑。建筑位于贵安新区生态文明创新园内西南角,整体坐西向东,与园区东北侧的优美的海绵城市生态景观延绵相接。整体建筑高度14m,总用地面积1826㎡,建筑面积701㎡,容积率0.38,建筑密度22%。建筑集展陈和游客接待中心一体,故在功能定位上,将地上两层划分为三大部分:大空间展陈区,对外接待会议区,以及内部办公区,而地下一层则作为设备机房以及储藏库房使用。本项目采用多系统并行建造方式,建筑主体由木建筑系统、轻钢箱体系统、设备系统、外表皮系统这四部分构成。
THE-Studio (Tsinghua Eco Studio) is the first demonstrating and experimental Nearly Zero Energy Building of the Gui'an Innovation Park in southwest China, which locates in the park's entrance and connects with the constant ecological sponge city landscape, providing an extremely fascinating scenery for both users and visitors. Moreover, its two floors above ground can serve as large-space exhibition, VIP reception & conference and daily office, while one single underground floor can act as equipment and storage area.
▽ 建筑与园区东北侧的海绵城市生态景观,building and the ecological sponge city landscape
贵安新区清控人居科技示范楼,贵州 / 素朴建筑 + 清华同衡
贵安新区清控人居科技示范楼,贵州 / 素朴建筑 + 清华同衡
▽ 面向环境的整体设计,integrated design
贵安新区清控人居科技示范楼,贵州 / 素朴建筑 + 清华同衡
示范楼不仅是一个整合可持续设计策略以及生态技术的示范实践项目,更是一个立足于中国西南温和地区的从建筑学角度出发的可持续建筑实验平台,以便持续检验各项设计方法与技术措施在当地气候、文化甚至经济条件下的可行性。
基于示范楼项目的特殊定位,团队在早期设计阶段就明确以被动式设计、可再生能源以及装配式建造技术为主要内容的建筑多系统整合的设计策略,以实现对本土生态环境系统破坏的最小化,与对室内舒适度以及能源利用效率的最大化。
THE-Studio is both a practical demonstration case which deeply integrates sustainable design strategies with ecological technologies, and an experimental platform for sustainable architecture based on the Moderate Zone in southwest China, aiming to examine whether the detailed design methods and building technologies can truly suit to the local conditions of climate, culture and even economy.
Oriented to the specific project positioning, the design team has developed the multi-system integrated design strategy from the very early design phase to minimize the negative impacts to local ecological system while maximizing the indoor comfort and energy efficiency.
▽ 建筑外观,external view
贵安新区清控人居科技示范楼,贵州 / 素朴建筑 + 清华同衡
贵安新区清控人居科技示范楼,贵州 / 素朴建筑 + 清华同衡

建筑的多系统整合 / Multi-system integration
示范楼的建筑多系统整合策略的应用体现于三个层面:多系统并行建造、乡土文化与可持续技术的整合、以及应用BIM整合平台。
The multi-system integration includes three levels: the paralleled construction systems, the integration of vernacular culture with sustainable technology and the BIM platform.
▽ 建筑沿街视角,view from the street
贵安新区清控人居科技示范楼,贵州 / 素朴建筑 + 清华同衡
贵安新区清控人居科技示范楼,贵州 / 素朴建筑 + 清华同衡
整体建筑由木建筑系统、轻钢箱体系统、设备系统、外表皮系统这四部分并行建造建造而成,以减少对场地的负面影响。其中,木建筑系统主要用于中央大空间的通高展示空间,轻钢箱体系统则作为南北的功能用房,其构件与节点均在工厂中完成预制并实现现场快速吊装,有效地节约整体建造时间与能源耗损。建筑的可持续设备系统(地道风管道系统、生物质锅炉系统、光伏光热能源系统、雨水收集系统以及智能控制监测系统等)则整合嵌装于建筑的双层表皮空腔之中,不仅便于对外展示并提高室内空间的灵活性,更能为后续实验平台中设备系统的增补、操作与检修提供空间与便利。模块化的双层表皮系统则整合了当地藤编工艺与工业预制技术从而实现快速装配,不仅使建筑高度体现贵州当地的风土特色,更在一定程度上刺激并带动了当地的传统工艺经济的发展。
BIM技术作为整合平台,贯穿运用于建筑全生命周期中,实现设计、建造与运维各个阶段的协同统筹,配合后续持续的建筑性能测试与监测反馈于前期整合设计策略。
Four building systems are implemented in parallel to accelerate whole construction process thus reducing negative interference to the site. Timber frameworks are employed in the large-space exhibition hall, while the prefab light-steel modules are used to shape functional space at both sides. All these structural components and joints are produced off-site and swiftly assembled on site, leading to a significant saving of time and energy. Sustainable service systems (air through tunnel, biomass heating, PVT system, rainwater collecting, control and monitoring, etc.) are mostly plugged into the cavity of fa?ades, which can save installation time, increase indoor flexibility and provide potential space for additional equipment in future experiments. The modular double-skin fa?ade system is a unique integration of vernacular rattan-weaving craftsmanship with industrial prefabrication technology, highly expressing site-specific characteristics while promoting local traditional industry and economy. BIM is also adopted as integrating platform throughout building’s whole life span, especially for coordination of construction, operation and maintenance phases.
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