一土学校北京校区

Crossboundaries: 送给孩子的“岛屿”—— 一土学校北京校区

 

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2017年,教育创新先锋机构“一土教育”委托Crossboundaries为一土学校设计一处独立的新校区,以更好地容纳和发展他们此前两年在一所中学暂借的三间教室里起步的教育创新试验。 

 

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当新校舍启用后,一土学校创始人李一诺告诉我们,这座秉承“以儿童为核心”设计理念的校园受到了广泛的喜爱与好评。很多孩子把这里称作他们的“家”;而前芬兰驻华教育参赞来参观时也称,这可能是他在中国六年来,第一次觉得看到了与芬兰教育非常相似的学校。

 

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然而谁能想到,这座学校竟是短短五个月内,由一座锅炉房变来的呢?

 In 2017, one of China’s innovative education pioneers ETU EDUCATION commissioned Crossboundaries to design the first campus for the ETU School in Beijing, after starting off experimenting with their educational practice in a temporary space for about two years.

Shortly after Crossboundaries handed over the completed space, ETU School’s founder Mrs. Li Yinuo told us, that our children-centered design made the school extremely popular among the children, many of whom calling it “home”. When a former Finnish Counselor for Education at the Beijing Embassy came to visit the school,  expressing that it was the first time they’d seen a Chinese school that felt very similar to Finnish Schools.

From a boiler room, this well-accepted school was transformed in just five months.

 

来自“一土”的挑战

 

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校方当初在选址时,几经权衡,租下一栋曾用作锅炉房的小型三层工业建筑,希望我们在有限的时间和预算下,将其改造成一所可容纳200名学生、符合一土的创新教育需求的教学场所。 

占地仅2600平米的新校园位于一处老小区内,空间非常紧凑。主建筑的外围还有多处加建房屋等附属结构。校园周边被密集的住宅楼环绕,拥挤而杂乱。其内部条件也差强人意。作为工业建筑,部分区域采光不足,每个楼层只有一面外墙有自然采光的玻璃窗,另一面仅高处开了若干小气窗。

Challenges from ETU

After a long time of site selection, ETU team chose to rent a small, gray three-story industrial building that used to be a boiler room. The intention was to renovate it into an innovative primary school that had to represent ETU’s educational vision in a unique way.

Located in the middle of an old residential compound, this new campus of 2600 square meters was consisting of a very compact building, with several additions to the original structure, surrounded by a dense residential neighborhood that appeared crowded and chaotic. The industrial interior came with challenges too. On each floor inside the building, only one side of the façade has windows for natural lighting.

 

Crossboundaries的“答卷”

所以在保证校园基本户外场地的前提下,我们决定将重点放在室内功能的丰富性和趣味性上。

 

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我们首先对结构做了必要的加固,移除原来“中间走廊、两边房间”的老式办公格局,将班级教室安排在自然采光充足的一面,将舞蹈、美术、实验室等特殊教室安排在采光欠佳那边。

 

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经过如此调整后,各层腾出来的宽阔走廊空间才是Crossboundaries用设计回应一土教育理念的重头戏。我们为各层的不同场地量身定制了几组形态各异、体验丰富的多功能集成模块,像一座座从教室延伸出来的小小“半岛”,为孩子和老师在教室以外,提供了更多非正式学习/社交/活动空间。

 

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“半岛”内的空间体验丰富多变,同时考虑了集体与个人的需求。例如其中一组模块上的阶梯区,坐满孩子就能随时举办一场小型集会;也可与其正对面的舞蹈教室结合,形成一个观演空间。而在模块的内部,我们也精心安排了许多略为隐蔽的小空间,适合几个小伙伴聚在一起说悄悄话,或者一个人静静徜徉在书海。在这些集成模块与教室之间,还设置了许多高低错落的小窗口。无论课上课余,都可让不同空间中的行为产生视觉关联、引发互动;同时也能避免视觉盲区,便于老师同时关照到在不同场所活动的孩子。

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一诺曾撰文(《中国的教育,需要回归常识》,2018)谈到,构建一个好学校,核心是构建一个善意有安全感、相互支持的环境;而构建环境核心是尊重。从这点出发,我们的设计不仅遵循儿童天性,正面鼓励孩子们攀上爬下、钻进跳出,增加活动量、激发好奇心和探究意识;也在需要时,用尺度更贴近孩子的亲密空间,呵护他们敏感的情绪。

另外,这些模块的作用不仅是让教学、玩耍产生多元碰撞,也有很现实的考量。鉴于场地约束,这栋三层小楼内无法容纳单独的图书馆、报告厅、自习室……我们就将这些功能巧妙地集成在了“半岛”模块上,从而帮客户实现了空间利用效率的最大化。 

在一土学校,Crossboundaries依然运用了一贯擅长的色彩系统,让空间氛围愉悦而有序。班级教室的主题色选用的是“一土”标志性的绿色;活泼的明黄色则作为模块空间的主题色,辅以中性的灰蓝色,富于层次,动静皆宜。

而针对室外空间,即便十分局促,我们也尽量将其利用到极致。一圈大约1千米长的“一土绿”的环形运动地带,将地面层的活动空间、和四个原有的屋面活动平台串联起来,不仅可用于奔跑、游戏、休闲、小型演出、屋顶种植等各类户外活动,也在逼仄的周边环境中,清晰而清新地界定着这座独一无二的校园。

 

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整个空间的设计,体现了一土学校的独特愿景——通过为师生提供更加健康、愉悦的个人体验,使他们之间的直接互动变得更加丰富。

Crossboundaries’ solution

With limited time and budget, Crossboundaries decided to focus on enriching the functions and discrepancies of the interior, while fulfilling the basic need for outdoor space.

Firstly we removed the double-loaded office layout and made the necessary structural reinforcements to implement an entirely new spatial pattern. By arranging special rooms like dance studios on the more private side of the building, the classrooms could be placed on the other side with most natural light. 

The wide corridors created thereby are where we land our unique spatial interventions at. In each floor’s corridor, Crossboundaries introduced various experiential, multifunctional blocks tailored for the areas outside each classroom, like peninsulas extending from the mainland, integrating spaces for informal learning, social activities and events.  

When designing those multifunctional blocks, we carefully considered both needs of group and individuals. As a result, the blocks can not only be used to organize spontaneous events, but can be combined with other spaces - like the dance studio, where a performance can be viewed from the opposite terraced seating. In addition there are more hidden, intimate areas for close friends and book nooks for quiet reading and rest.

The activity of the multifunctional blocks permeates into the classrooms, with small windows and special staircases enabling visual connections and interactions between students and teachers before, during and after class. In the meantime, they can add in transparency and connections between spaces and offer a feeling of safety for the teachers and the students.

Yinuo used to write about how to build a good school, emphasizing a loving, supporting environment that offers a sense of safety to children. The key to create this kind of environment according to her lies in respect. From this point, our design does not only follow children’s nature, allowing children to climb up and down, in and out, adding to their conventional physical activities, stimulating curiosity and exploring consciousness, but also caring for their sensitive feelings by offering familiar scales in the variety of spaces provided.

Besides generating interactions between learning and playing, Crossboundaries also had a practical consideration on introducing these blocks. Due to the constraints of the existing space, the small building could not accommodate an independent library, a lecture hall or a room for self-study. Instead these functions were skillfully integrated into the “peninsula”, to maximize the spacial efficiency for the school and its program.

Color is an important guide throughout the ETU School – both metaphorically and practically. Crossboundaries introduced bright yellow and blue to highlight the multifunctional blocks; while the school’s symbolic green is used for classrooms.

On the exterior, the ETU green is also applied on the connective tissue of the campus, the entrances and staircases, forming a three-dimensional lap around the school to tie together the ground floor sports fields with the roof terraces of the original building. With a total length of around one kilometer, the running track supports running, climbing, playing, relaxing, gathering for small performances and events and also roof gardening. Meanwhile, with these punctual interventions on the façade and surroundings the campus becomes noticeable to stand out in its chaotic context.

Crossboundaries’ design represents the unique vision of the ETU School - by providing an adventurous space for the individual health and happiness of students and teachers, the direct interaction between them is enhanced.

 

基本信息:

基地面积:2,600平米

总建筑面积:2,100 平米

学生人数:200人

 

项目信息:

地点:中国,北京

客户:一土教育

面积:2,100平方米

设计周期:2017年5月至2017年8月

施工周期:2017年6月至2018年6月

完成时间:2018年7月

设计方:Crossboundaries, 北京

合伙人:Binke Lenhardt(蓝冰可), 董灏

设计团队:崔雨柔,肖载源,王旭东

施工方:北京艺豪建筑装饰设计工程有限公司

摄影:杨超英,刘敏玲,郝洪漪,玄力,王蕾,饶岗

 

General Data:

Campus area: 2,600 m²

Total Architecture Area: 2,100 m²

Student no: 200 ppl

 

Project info:

Location: Beijing, China

Client: ETU school

Size: 2,100 sqm

Design period (including feasibility study): May 2017 - August 2017

Completed: July 2018

Construction period: June 2017 - June 2018

Partners in charge: Binke Lenhardt, DONG Hao

Design Team: Cynthia Cui, Ewan Xiao, WANG Xudong

Contractor: Beijing YIHAO architecture and interior construction Co., Ltd.

Photographers: YANG Chaoying, Mini LIU, HAO Hongyi, XUAN Li, WANG Lei, RAO Gang

 

关于Crossboundaries

Crossboundaries 致力于通过建築设计、环境设计和城市更新方案,营造充满活力、生气的生活空间。我们在创造凝固建筑的过程中,往往要面对到繁琐的技术难题和文化沟通困难。但每次过程后最终呈现的解决方案,总是具有愉悦的材质触感和对人文氛围的深刻思考。 事务所成立于2005年,作为一个拥有国际合作伙伴的设计团队,在北京和法兰克福均设有办公室。设计成员来自全球各国,并在世界各地接受过建筑设计教育的专业培训。Crossboundaries以跨国的视野、本土的文化知识和专业技能,催生出独特的空间解决方案。

 

合伙人董灏和蓝冰可(Binke Lenhardt)毕业于纽约普瑞特艺术学院建筑学硕士,并在纽约有多年工作经验。随后来到中国并定居北京,同时在北京市建筑设计研究院任职。2005年,以国际伙伴关系创立Crossboundaries。两人亦执教于中央美术学院和清华大学。

 

Crossboundaries设计范围广阔,从公共到私人项目,从小型企业到大集团,政府部门到慈善机构都有涉及。设计作品及参与项目从数万平米的建筑到数千平的室内项目,其中包括北大附中本校、朝阳未来学校、索易快乐成长中心、爱慕时尚工厂和服饰店、家盒子(北京、上海、青岛),以及同西门子和宝马合作的办公室和展厅。工作室亦参与理论研究,并于第十五届威尼斯双年展参展“穿越中国——中国理想家“,以及2018年于北京举办的“CHINA HOUSE VISION”大展。

 

Crossboundaries的作品受到各界的关注和认可,多见于国内外一流建筑及设计媒体。同时也获得了国内外众多重要奖项, 近期包括2018及2019年度德国设计大奖,2018年度Architizer A+大奖,2018年度Architecture MasterPrize大奖,2018年度2AAA奖,2015及2017年两度获评《安邸AD》“AD100”年度设计师,并常年入围各大国际奖项决选。

中国建筑报道网

中国建筑报道网

本页面资料转自中国建筑报道网,版权归中国建筑报道网所有,请支持正版。 单位名称:优易地(北京)文化传媒有限公司 单位性质:企业 网站备案:京ICP备17015080号-2 网站名称:建筑报道网 网站首页:archreport.com.cn

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