Elegant roofs, clusters of poles, full height curtain walls: a poem of mountains, trees and water
The Poly Community Centre is located in Conghua District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province. For this project Shanghai based architecture studio TEAM_BLDG works on both architecture and interior and gets inspired from the local architectural culture. A building deeply bonded with the territory which refers to the form and concept of the traditional local housing typology named Wei Long Wu (Hakka Dragon House).
The sunken rest area is surrounded by water, the calm water reflects the changes of light and shadow
Towering metal columns reinforce the depth of the building
“Wei Long Wu” (Round Dragon Housing), also named “Long Wu”, is a variation of Hakka architecture, mostly spread around Guangdong Province and is a common form of traditional clan housing. It originated from quadrangle dwellings of central China: due to wars after the Qin Dynasty, people continued to migrate from central China to the south and built new homes. Wei Long Wu uses rammed earth as the outer wall to enclose inner housing which forms multiple concentric semi-circular structures, which have distinct functional zoning. Merely one entrance on the elevation and no openings on the ground floor were special methods to defend themselves from tribe clashes and wars. But as time goes by, Hakka people gradually let go of their defensive nature and started to blend into the local culture with an open attitude, which marks the beginning of a new culture and architectural style of Lingnan Hakka people.
A small arched bridge leads to the main entrance in an elaborate courtyard
Waterscape around the site smoothens the strict geometries
In this project, architects attempted to create an architectural form integrating both traditional culture and modern values by employing contemporary theories, structures, materials and therefore the traditional Hakka architecture turning from reclusion to openness.
As Hakka buildings are located in the nature, this double-story building has a close relationship to the surrounding environment: the silhouette of the triangular roof overshadows the ground like a mountain while the metal columns supporting the triangular roof connect with the outdoor trees like a forest. Waterscape around the site smoothens the strict geometries. Large areas of glazing and surrounding green space redefines the relationship between the building and the environment. Elegant roofs, clusters of poles, full height curtain walls: a poem of mountains, trees and water.
To adapt to the local climate, suspended wooden screen in the double height space
A spiral stair is finely designed in the rigid space
At the same time, the design adopts a contemporary composition to break the traditional Hakka architecture's layout. The geometric space is transformed from multiple concentric semicircles into similar triangles. The frames repetition, the plane and the overall scheme emphasizes the depth of field. The resulting configuration creates a visual sensation of layers while maintaining an open space.
A generous canopy welcomes the visitors into the space, a 10m double height featuring suspended wooden boxes. The curtain wall guarantees the same transparent visual experience at all angles. Spaces with different functions are sophisticatedly arranged to be separated while keeping overall integrity: the sunken resting area, the wooden screen hanging from the ceiling, the meeting spaces in between stairs and bookshelves, the private VIP lounge on the second floor.
The main meeting area creates a stable and open atmosphere by emphasizing depth and transparency of the space
Sunken seating area hidden in pool
The sunken resting area is surrounded by water creating an analogy of the patio in Hakka architecture which collects and drains rainwater. The water not only reflects the variations of light and shadow, it also brings greenery into the space and builds up a harmonic environment integrating human and nature.
To adapt to the local climate, suspended wooden screen in the double height space on the south side are designed to create shading while also contributing to zoning. Meeting spaces, bookshelves and the coffee bar are located here. This vertical waving screen enriches the static and quiet mood echoing the exterior poles while also forming a volume in relation to the functional areas on the second floor.
As Hakka buildings are located in the nature, this double-story building has a close relationship to the surrounding environment
The design adopts a contemporary composition to break the traditional Hakka architecture's layout. The geometric space is transformed from multiple concentric semicircles into similar triangles
The main meeting area creates a stable and open atmosphere by emphasizing depth and transparency of the space. Adjacent the lounge is located the coffee bar which is connected to the giant wooden bookcase descending from the upper floor where a more private reading area is located.
A spiral stair is finely designed in the rigid space. The staircase does not require columns thanks to the precise calculation of the steel structure. Visitors have access to the VIP lounge and the offices via this spiral staircase and enjoy the picturesque natural scenes framed by the windows.
The neatly arranged chandelier adds a sense of embarrassment to the second floor space
By approaching the design from both architectural and interior aspects, the integrity of the building is elegantly achieved. The traditional Hakka values are vividly embodied in a contemporary form. The delicate and delightful spaces continue to create unique experiences for visitors. The whole space experience is a continuum, the traditional Hakka village relives in a contemporary spirit with no boundaries.
团队：肖磊、曹仪、Pedro Manzano Ruiz、Eleonora Nucci
结构顾问：和作结构建筑研究所 / 张准
Function: Community Center
Design period: 2018.1-2018.7
Construction period: 2018.8-2019.4
Location: Conghua, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
Building Area: 1200m2
Architects: Xiao Lei, Cao Yi, Pedro Manzano Ruiz, Eleonora Nucci
Structural consultant: AND Office / Zhang Zhun
Construction drawing: BXHH Architects
Type: Architecture and Interior
Photographer: Eiichi Kano, Jonathan Leijonhufvud
入围2019年WAN Awards 世界建筑新闻奖 最佳设计奖-新星/年度最佳实践奖；
入围2019年 A&D Trophy Design Awards 最佳公共建筑奖
2019 Architecture MasterPrize Winner in the category: Cultural Architecture and Mixed Use Architecture;
Shortlisted for 2019 WAN Awards in the category: Rising Star / Emerging Practice of The Year;
Shortlisted for 2019 A&D Trophy Design Awards in the category: Architecture-Best Public Space
间筑设计（TEAM_BLDG）成立于 2012 年，工作领域涉及建筑、空间、景观和产品设计。工作室的两位创立者认为，“BLDG”虽意为楼宇但更是一个动词，代表着“建造”的过程，设计概念的完成只是建筑师工作的起点，相对于表达设计理念与确立设计风格，他们更关注建筑和空间、室内和室外所营造的氛围以及带给人的感受。
TEAM_BLDG was founded in 2012, they work with architecture, interior, landscape and product. The two founders of the studio consider that the word “BLDG” is a verb than the meaning of architecture, which should be the processing of constructing, and the finished design is just a start of architects’ work. Relative to any concept or style, they are more focusing on the “atmosphere” of building and space, interior and exterior for people.